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Support for Temperature Sensor in the SPD of DDR3
Modern DDR3 modules (DIMMs and SODIMMs) may
include an embedded temperature sensor (TS) in the serial presences detect
(SPD) chip. This optional sensor allows the motherboard controller to read the
actual temperature of the module. The sensor can also provide an alarm signal
when certain temperature conditions occur.
RAMCHECK LX with firmware version 3.18 and
RAMCHECK with firmware version 2.50 support temperature sensors that are JEDEC
JC42.4 compliant. This support appears in two main venues:
- Temperature Sensor support is incorporated in
the main test program, where the module's temperature is displayed on the
structure screen after Basic Test and in various locations within the Test Log.
- Advanced support for Temperature Sensor is
available in the SPD Management program.
Temperature Sensor Support in the Main Test Flow
The following screen shots illustrate how the TS
is employed in the main test flow. It should be emphasized that the TS feature
is optional, and valid DDR3 modules may or may not include the temperature
|| BASIC TEST STRUCTURE
If the module under test employs the optional TS
feature, the structure screen following the completion of the Basic Test will
automatically display the temperature of the module. You can reach the
structure screen at any time during the Basic Test (without waiting for the
test completion) by pressing F5.
|| TEST LOG
The TS information is logged into the Test Log. You can reach the Test Log
viewer from Standby by selecting F4 and F1. You can also see the Test Log
within the Realtime viewer of the PC Communication package.
If the module includes the TS, you will see the
line 'SPD TS MFG ID ..' following the SPD serial number. In this example the
manufacturer ID of the TS appears in the fourth line (104A) followed by the
temperature reading from the module at the start of the Basic Test.
If the module under test does not include the TS,
the Test Log will show "NO SPD TS" following the SPD's serial number
The module's temperature is logged at the end of
each test phase. This screen shot illustrates the temperature logged after the
user exits the Auto-Loop test.
SPD MANAGEMENT: Advanced Temperature Sensor Support
The SPD Management mode provides
advanced testing of the SPD's optional TS function. In addition to reading the
SPD temperature, the user can look at the internal registers of the TS and
perform a complex EVENT line testing. As mentioned, the sensor can provide an
alarm signal when certain temperature conditions occur. This alarm signal is
called -EVENT and when available, it is connected to pin-187 of the DIMM module
(pin-194 of the SODIMM module). The -EVENT line, when used, is kept normally at
a high impedence state (OPEN) until an alarm is detected, causing -EVENT to
assert by shorting it to Ground potential (hence the - sign before the signal
|| ACCESSING THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR
The advanced Temperature Sensor support is part of
the SPD Management program. You access SPD Management from Standby by pressing
F4 and F3. A module should be inserted during Standby or even during the first
two menus of SPD Management. Go to the Temperature Sensor menu by pressing F5.
Note that the power is constantly ON (as evident by the red LED) during the TS
menu since the device must be setup and retain the registers data. Therefore,
in order to remove the module you must press [Esc BACK] to turn off the module
|| TESTING TEMPERATURE READING
The test temperature may be read by pressing F1. The TS temperature is
temporarily displayed in the F1 menu description. If the SPD does not include
the optional TS function you will see a brief "NO TS" message in F1.
READING THE TS
The TS is accessed via 8 registers of 16-bits each. You can read the contents
of the 8 registers by pressing F2. Register 0 is the Capability register, Reg 1
is the Configuration register. The TS High and Low Limits are set in Regs 2 and
3 respectively. Reg 4 is used to set the Critical Limit. Reg 5 is the data
registers, which is used to read the TS temperature and limit flags. Reg 6
contains the SPD Manufacture ID which we report in the Test Log. Reg 7 lists
the Device ID and Revision.
Please refer to the data sheet of a JEDEC JC42.4
compliant TS (e.g ON Semiconductor CAT34TS02) for detailed description of these
|| TESTING EVENT LINE AND LIMITS ALARMS
As mentioned in the introduction of this document, the TS has an -EVENT signal
which may be connected to the module connector and signal an out of limit
temperature alarm to the motherboard controller. The TS alarms can also be read
from Reg 6. Pressing F3 in the Temperature Sensor menu performs an eleborate
test of the TS sensor. If the EVENT line is properly wired to the module
connector and the TS works properly, you will see this on the RAMCHECK display.
||If the tested module does not include the TS, you will see a brief
message "NO TS" as shown. If you then try to read the registers using
F2, they will all read '0000'.
||Some DDR3 modules may include the TS but do not employ the -EVENT
line connection, that is, the -EVENT output of the SPD+TS chip (pin 7) is left
un-connected. In this situation you will receive the shown message. Note that
you can still read the temperature (F1) and the registers (F2).
||DEFECTIVE TS SENSOR
A failed EVENT test provides a hexadecimal code, with the message EVENT TEST
FAIL, as shown here.
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